Sponsors Link

Prefix “Se-“ in Indonesian – Formula – Examples

Sponsors Link

Welcome back to MasteringBahasa! Selamat Datang Kembali di MasteringBahasa!

ads

As you learn more Indonesian, you will find out that most words in Indonesian sentences don’t exist just as their root words, instead they have a set of letters attached in the beginning (prefix) or ending (suffix) of those words to make them sound more ‘complete’ and usable in sentences. Learn more about Indonesian sentence structures here.

Previously, you might have read about Indonesian prefix “Ber-“. For today, we will focus on one of the prefixes, “se-“. You can find more prefixes in the Indonesian prefix table.

Prefix “Se-“ in Indonesian

“Se-“ prefix is used as substitution for the word “satu” (one). To use this prefix, it’s also very simple, you just add “se-“ to the beginning of the root word.

Example of Prefix “Se-“ in Indonesian

  • Seribu = se + ribu = satu ribu (one thousand)
  • Sekelas = se + kelas = satu kelas (one class)
  • Seragam  = se + ragam = satu ragam (one variety/uniform)

Check out more examples of words built from the Prefix “Se-“ in Indonesian!

Root WordSe + Root WordMeaningExample
gelassegelasA glass ofIa membuat segelas kopi setiap pagi (He makes a glass of coffee every morning)
mobilsemobilOne carKami pergi semobil ke pesta itu (We go to the party in one car)
orangseorangOne personIa adalah seorang dokter (He is a doctor)
kotasekotaOne citySaya dan teman sekamar saya sekota (My roommate and I come from one city)

Prefix “Se-“ in Indonesian

The prefix “se-“ can also be used with number words to form cardinal numbers and fractions.

Se + Root WordMeaningSe + Root WordMeaning
sejutaone millionsepuluhten
seribuone thousandsebelaseleven
setengahhalfsepertigaone third
seperdelapanone eightseperempata quarter

Another use is as a measure word.

Sponsors Link

There are many different measure words in Indonesian, just like in English, so you just need to adjust the usage to the proper objects, like the example below:

Root WordSe + Root WordMeaning
batangsebatang lilina candle stick
buahsebuah apelan apple
cangkirsecangkir teha cup of tea
ekorseekor kambinga goat
gelassegelas aira glass of water
helaisehelai rambutone piece of hair
ikatseikat bungaa bunch of flowers
kejapsekejap matain a blink of an eye
lembarselembar kertasone piece of paper
mangkuksemangkuk supa bowl of soup
orangseorang wanitaa woman
pasangsepasang sepatua pair of shoes
piringsepiring makanana plate of food
potongsepotong kuea slice of cake
sendoksesendok makanone table spoon
siungsesiung bawang putiha clove of garlic
suapsesuap nasia mouthful of rice
tangkaisetangkai bungaa flower
titiksetitik daraha drop of blood

You can also read about:

Good luck! Selamat Belajar Bahasa Indonesia!

, ,
Oleh :
Kategori : Grammar