As same as many other countries, Indonesia also felt the colonialism from some other countries, especially from western countries. The famous colonialism and the longest coloniali
sm of Indonesia had ever felt came from the country called Netherland. Almost more than 350 years, Netherland colonialized Indonesia, from 1602 up to 1949. The Dutch, that was the name of Netherland people who came to Indonesia and did the colonialism in this country.
There are lots of impacts and influences which Indonesia felt during the war and Rodi (the name of the forced labor). However, Indonesian people also felt the influences of getting the education from the Dutch and the knowledge which the Dutch taught. One of the important heritage which the Dutch left for Indonesia and until the modern era of Independence of Indonesia is language.
- The History
There are some Dutch language which is derived to Indonesia. There are many borrowing words from Dutch which Indonesia use for speaking and writing. So, how many Indonesian words are thought to be Dutch origin?
If we take a look on the history when Indonesian borrowed the words from Dutch was because of the longest time of colonialized. Dutch colonialized for more than 350 years and made Indonesia had to speak Dutch in order to understand what their employer had spoken to Indonesian people.
During 1930s, Dutch needed to educate Indonesian people in order to become their helper for running the political and economic independence even though not all Indonesian people has the same right to undergo this education system. Towards this educated ways, Dutch also transfer the language to be spoken by Indonesian.
- How Many Indonesian Words Are Thought to be of Dutch Origin
In fact, there are lots of Dutch words which was derived to Indonesia words. The words can be as original as its form or the Dutch words could be different from the Indonesian words but they read as same as the original words form.
Here are the example of Indonesian words which is derived from Dutch.
|Dutch Words||Indonesian Words||Meaning||Example of Usage|
|Komfoor||Kompor||Stove||Sudahkah kamu mematikan kompornya? (Have you switched off the stove?)|
|Handdoek||Handuk||Towel||Tolong ambilkan handuk untuk saya, terima kasih! (Would you like to take a towel for me? Thank you)|
|Bioscoop||Bioskop||Cinema||Kapan kita akan pergi ke Bioskop? (When will we go to the cinema?|
|Balsem||Balsem||Balm||Apakah kamu punya Balsem? (Do you have a bottle of Balm?)|
|Wortel||Wortel||Carrot||Saya suka Wortel. (I like carrot)|
|Koers||Kurs||Rate||Kurs Indonesia saat ini terlampau baik. (Indonesian’s rate are too good this time)|
|Telefoon||Telepon||Telephone||Bolehkah saya menggunakan Telepon? (May I use the telephone?)|
|Pistool||Pistol||Gun||Jangan pernah menggunakan Pistol! (Never use gun!)|
|Kapitein||Kapten||Captain||Saya bertemu Kapten Joko. (I have just met Captain Joko)|
|Piket||Piket||Picket||Hari ini adalah jadwal Piket saya. (Today is my Picket schedule)|
|Kantoor||Kantor||Office||Ayah sudah pergi ke Kantor. (My father has gone to his office)|
|Sandaal||Sandal||Slippers||Siapa yang menggunakan Sandal saya? (Whom does use my Slippers?)|
|Slang||Selang||Hose||Selang itu cukup panjang untuk digunakan. (The hose is long enough to be used)|
|Serieus||Serius||Serious||Kamu tidak belajar dengan serius! (You don’t study seriously!)|
|Sprei||Sprei||Bed Linen||Sprei ini bagus sekali! This bed linen is gorgeous!)|
|Bon||Bon||Bill||Kemanakah Bon yang kemarin saya berikan? (Where is the bill I gave yesterday?)|
|Debat||Debat||Debate||Debat ini terasa percuma. (This debate feels useless)|
|Factuur||Faktur||Invoice||Faktur saya hilang! (My invoice has gone!)|
|Hanger||Hanger||Hanger||Apakah saya boleh meminjam Hanger kamu? (May I borrow your Hanger, please?)|
|Klas||Kelas||Class||Kelas Bahasa Belanda sudah dimulai! (The Dutch class has started!)|
|Goeroe||Guru||Teacher||Guru itu baik sekali. (The teacher is very nice)|
|Amok||Amuk||Amuk||Maling itu diamuk massa. (The thief is amok by the mass)|
|Loket||Loket||Counter||Loket Kereta Api ada di seberang person 1. (The Train Counter is across the Platform 1)|
|Opa||Opa||Grandfather||Bagaimana keadaan Opa? (How is your grandfather?)|
|Perron||Peron||Platform||Peron 1 ada di sebelah kiri rel 1. (Platform 1 is on the left side of Railways 1)|
|Recept||Resep||Recipe||Resep masakan rumah Ibu memang juara! (Homemade Mom’s Recipe is the champ!)|
|Cipier||Sipir||Warden||Sipir itu cukup galak! (The warden is fierce enough!)|
|Zuster||Suster||Nurse||Suster yang merawat Ayah sangat baik. (The nurse who is taking care my Dad is very nice)|
|Thema||Tema||Theme||Tema acara literasi hari ini menarik. (Today’s theme for literary event is interesting)|
|Tas||Tas||Bag||Tidak! Tas saya hilang! (No, My bag has gone!)|
Other than 30 words above, how many Indonesian words are thought to be Dutch origin do you know?