5 Types of Indonesian Pronouns – Grammar and Examples

Halo lagi! Senang berkenalan! The greeting we said equals to “Hello again! It is nice to meet you!” in English language. Welcome to Mastering Bahasa, a place where you can learn Indonesian language quickly and easily. Mastering Bahasa will help you to have nice conversations in Indonesian.  If you are new here and want to learn how to have conversation in Indonesian, you can check Conversation in Indonesian Examples. In this article, we will guide you to learn Indonesian Pronouns.

According to Cambridge Dictionary, pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or a noun phrase. In English language, you may have learned English pronouns. There are Subject Pronouns, Object Pronouns, Possessive Adjective, Possessive Pronouns, and Reflexive or Intensive Pronouns. Yet we are here not to learn them. No, no. You are currently here. Instead, we are going to learn pronouns in Indonesian language. In Indonesian language, we call it “Pronomina”. So, without further ado, let’s start our learning for Indonesian Pronouns with Examples Served!

Here are the list of Indonesian Pronouns

English Formal Informal Informal Possesive
I Saya Aku -ku
You Anda Kamu -mu
He/She/It Beliau Dia -nya
We (inclusive) Kita Kita Kita
We (exclusive) Kami Kami Kami
You (Plural) Kalian Kalian Kalian
They Mereka Mereka Mereka

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1. Subject Pronoun

In this part, we will learn Indonesian Pronouns that act as Subject Pronouns:

[/th] [th]Pronomina Subyek[/th] [th]Subject Pronoun1st person singular[/td] [td]Aku / Saya[/td] [td]I

2nd person singular[/td] [td]Kamu[/td] [td]You

3rd person singular male[/td] [td]Dia[/td] [td]He

3rd person singular female[/td] [td]Dia[/td] [td]She

1st person plural[/td] [td]Kita[/td] [td]We

2nd person plural[/td] [td]Kalian[/td] [td]You

3rd person plural[/td] [td]Mereka[/td] [td]They

Here is the explanation and the example of Indonesian Pronouns in Sentences:

  • Aku / Saya = I
    Aku senang nasi goreng.
    I like fried rice.
  • Kamu = You
    Kamu tidak senang nasi goreng.
    You don’t like fried rice.
  • Dia = He
    Dia lebih suka mie goreng.
    He likes fried noodles more.
  • Dia = She
    Sedangkan dia lebih suka bihun goreng.
    While she likes fried vermicelli more.
  • Kita = We
    Kita memiliki beberapa perbedaan.
    We have some diversity.
  • Mereka = They
    Untungnya mereka mau menerima kami.
    Thankfully they gladly accept us.

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2. Object Pronouns

In this part, we will learn Indonesian Pronouns that act as ObjectPronouns:

[/th] [th]Pronomina Obyek[/th] [th]
Object Pronoun

1st person singular[/td] [td]Aku / -ku[/td] [td]Me

2nd person singular[/td] [td]
Kamu /-mu[/td] [td]You

3rd person singular male[/td] [td]Dia / -nya[/td] [td]Him

3rd person singular female[/td] [td]Dia / -nya[/td] [td]Her

1st person plural[/td] [td]Kami[/td] [td]Us

2nd person plural [/td] [td]Kalian[/td] [td]You

3rd person plural[/td] [td]Mereka[/td] [td]Them

Here is the explanation and the example of Indonesian Pronouns in Sentences:

  • Aku = Me
    Guru kelas 10 sedang berbicara dengan aku.
    The 10th grade teacher is talking to me.
    b. -ku = Me
    Guru kelas 10 sedang berbicara denganku.
    The 10th grade teacher is talking to me.
  • Kamu = You
    Kepala sekolah ingin bertemu dengan kamu.
    The head master wants to meet you.
    b. –mu = You
    Kepala sekolah ingin bertemu denganmu.
    The head master wants to meet you.
  • Dia = Him
    Para guru memilih dia karena ia berkarisma.
    The teachers choose him because he is charming.
    b. –nya = Him
    Para guru memilihnya karena ia berkarisma.
    The  teachers choose him because he is charming.
  • Dia = Her
    Teman sekelas kami menyerahkan sebuket bunga untuk dia.
    Our classmate gives a bouquet of flowers to her.
    a. -nya = Her
    Teman sekelas kami menyerahkan sebuket bunga untuknya.
    Our classmate gives a bouquet of flowers to her.
  • Kami = Us
    Kepala Sekolah mengizinkan kami untuk mengerjakan proyek di sekolah pada malam hari.
    The head master allows us to do our project in the school at night.
  • Kalian = You
    Menurut wali kelas, kalian adalah calon ketua OSIS yang baik.
    According to our homeroom teacher, you are the good candidate for student council’s leader.
  • Mereka = Them
    Acara ini diselenggarakan oleh mereka.
    This event is held by them.

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3. Possesive Adjectives (Determiner)

In this part, we will learn Indonesian Pronouns that act as Determiner:

[/th] [th]Ajektiva Kepemilikan[/th] [th]
Possesive Adjectives

1st person singular[/td] [td]Milik aku / Milikku / -ku[/td] [td]My

2nd person singular[/td] [td]
Milik kamu/ Milikmu  /-mu[/td] [td]Your

3rd person singular male[/td] [td]
Milik Dia/ Miliknya / -nya[/td] [td]His

3rd person singular female[/td] [td]Milik Dia / -nya[/td] [td]Her

1st person plural[/td] [td]
Milik Kami / Kami[/td] [td]Our

2nd person plural[/td] [td]Milik Kalian / Kalian[/td] [td]Your

3rd person plural[/td] [td]Milik Mereka / Mereka[/td] [td]Their

Here is the explanation and the example of Indonesian Pronouns in Sentences:

  • a. Milik aku = My
    Anjing milik aku suka memakan rumput di kebun.
    My dog likes to eat grass in the field.
    b. Milikku = My
    Anjing milikku suka memakan rumput di kebun.
    My dog likes to eat grass in the field.
    c. Milikku = My
    Anjing milikku suka memakan rumput di kebun.
    My dog likes to eat grass in the field.
  • a. Milik kamu = Your
    Aku meminjam pulpen milik kamu untuk menandatangani surat.
    I borrow your pen to sign a paper.
    b. Milikmu = Your
    Aku meminjam pulpen milikmu untuk menandatangani surat.
    I borrow your pen to sign a paper.
    c. [Noun]-mu = Your
    Aku meminjam pulpenmu untuk menandatangani surat.
    I borrow your pen to sign a paper.
  • a. Milik dia = His
    Kata mereka, jaket ini milik dia.
    They said this is his jacket.
    b. Miliknya = His
    Kata mereka, jaket ini miliknya.
    They said this is his jacket.
    c. [Noun]-nya = His
    Kata mereka, ini jaketnya.
    They said this is his jacket.
  • a. Milik dia = Her
    Kertas ujian milik dia tidak diterima guru karena kertas tersebut sobek.
    Her exam sheet is rejected by the teacher because the paper is ripped.
    b. Miliknya = Her
    Kertas ujian miliknya tidak diterima guru karena kertas tersebut sobek.
    Her exam sheet is rejected by the teacher because the paper is ripped.
    c. [Noun]-nya = Her
    Kertas ujiannya tidak diterima guru karena kertas tersebut sobek.
    Her exam sheet is rejected by the teacher because the paper is ripped.
  • a. Milik Kami = Our
    Proposal milik kami diterima oleh presiden direktur.
    Our proposal is accepted by the director president.
    b. [Noun] kami = Our
    Proposal kami diterima oleh presiden direktur.
    Our proposal is accepted by the director president.
  • a. Milik Kalian = Your
    Mobil milik kalian dipinjam oleh boss.
    Your car is borrowed by the boss.
    b. [Noun] Kalian = Your
    Mobil kalian dipinjam oleh boss.
    Your car is borrowed by the boss.
  • a. Milik Mereka = Their
    Ini adalah spanduk milik mereka.
    This is their banner.
    b. [Noun] Mereka = Their
    Ini adalah spanduk mereka.
    This is their banner.

*NOTE: You can use the article of Indonesian Nouns as a guide for you to replace [Noun] according to your needs!

4. Possesive Pronouns

In this part, we will learn Indonesian Pronouns that act as Possesive Pronouns:

[/th] [th]Pronomina Kepemilikan[/th] [th]
Possesive Pronoun

1st person singular[/td] [td]Milik aku / Milikku[/td] [td]    Mine

2nd person singular[/td] [td]Milik kamu / Milikmu[/td] [td]Yours

3rd person singular male[/td] [td]Milik Dia / Miliknya[/td] [td]His

3rd person singular female[/td] [td]
Milik Dia / Miliknya[/td] [td]Hers

1st person plural[/td] [td]Milik Kami[/td] [td]Ours

2nd person plural[/td] [td]Milik Kalian[/td] [td]Yours

 3rd person plural[/td] [td] Milik Mereka[/td] [td]Theirs

Here is the explanation and the example of Indonesian Pronouns in Sentences:

  • Milik aku = Mine
    Keripik kentang ini milik aku.
    This potato chips is mine.
    b. Milikku = Mine
    Keripik kentang ini milikku.
    This potato chips is mine.
  • Milik kamu = Yours
    Ternyata buku yang diambil guru itu milik kamu.
    It is known the book that the teacher took is yours.
    b. Milikmu = Yours
    Ternyata buku yang diambil guru itu milik kamu.
    It is known the book that the teacher took is yours.
  • Milik Dia = His
    Pulpen biru yang kau pakai itu milik dia.
    The blue pen that you are using is his.
    b. Miliknya = His
    Pulpen biru yang kau pakai itu miliknya.
    The blue pen that you are using is his.
  • Milik Dia = Hers
    Rok yang ingin kau pinjam itu milik dia.
    The skirt you want to borrow is hers.
    b. Miliknya = Hers
    Rok yang ingin kau pinjam itu miliknya.
    The skirt you want to borrow is hers.
  • Milik Kami = Ours
    Buku-buku yang diletakkan di perpustakaan itu milik kami.
    The books that are put in the library is ours.
  • Milik Kalian = Yours
    Sisa dana acara adalah milik kalian.
    The rest of the event fund is yours.
  • Milik Mereka = Theirs
    Bahan makanan yang berada di dapur tersebut milik mereka.
    The ingredients in the kitchen is

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5. Reflexive Pronouns

In this part, we will learn Indonesian Pronouns that act as Reflexive Pronouns:

[/th] [th] Pronomina Refleksi[/th] [th]Reflexive Pronoun

1st person singular[/td] [td]Diri aku / Diriku[/td] [td]Myself

2nd person singular[/td] [td]Diri kamu / Dirimu[/td] [td]Yourself

3rd person singular male[/td] [td]
Diri Dia / Dirinya[/td] [td]Himself

3rd person singular female[/td] [td]
Diri Dia / Dirinya[/td] [td]Herself

1st person plural[/td] [td]Diri Kami [/td] [td]Ourselves

2nd person plural[/td] [td]Diri Kalian[/td] [td]Yourselves

3rd person plural[/td] [td]
Diri Mereka[/td] [td] Theirselves

Here is the explanation and the example of Indonesian Pronouns in Sentences:

  • a. Diri Aku = Myself
    Di dalam ruangan ini hanya ada diriku seorang.
    In this room there is only myself alone.
  • b. Diriku = Myself
    Di dalam ruangan ini hanya ada diriku seorang.
    In this room there is only myself alone.
  • a. Diri kamu = Yourself
    Aku yakin kamu bisa mengerjakan tugas-tugas ini oleh diri kamu.
    I am sure you can do these tasks by yourself.
    b. Dirimu = Yourself
    Aku yakin kamu bisa mengerjakan tugas-tugas ini oleh dirimu.
    I am sure you can do these tasks by yourself.
  • a. Diri dia = Himself
    Semua lukisan ini dibuat oleh diri dia.
    All of these painting are made by himself.
    b. Dirinya = Himself
    Semua lukisan ini dibuat oleh dirinya.
    All of these painting are made by himself.
  • a. Diri dia = Herself
    Kamu harus percaya bahwa kue yang kamu makan adalah buatan diri dia.
    You have to believe the cake that you had eaten was made by herself.
    b. Dirinya = Herself
    Kamu harus percaya bahwa kue yang kamu makan adalah buatan diri dia.
    You have to believe the cake that you had eaten was made by herself.
  • Diri kami = Ourselves
    Kami harus mempersiapkan semua logistik acara ini oleh diri kami sendiri.
    We have to prepare all of this event’s logistic by ourselves alone.
  • Diri Kalian = Yourselves
    Terima kasih karena kalian telah mempersiapkan semua logistik oleh diri kalian.
    Thank you that you had prepared all of the logistic by yourselves.
  • Diri Mereka = Theirselves
    Mereka sangat hebat karena telah mempersiapkan acara ini dengan diri mereka.
    They are so great that they had prepared this event by theirselves.

So those are pronouns in Indonesian language. As you can see, Indonesian Pronouns are not too different with English Pronouns. Thank you so much for learning with us! If you like this article, kindly share this article in your Twitter and Facebook! Stay tune with Mastering Bahasa! Terima Kasih! Sampai jumpa lagi!

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