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Indonesian Suffix -Kan (Formula and Example)

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Good day! Have you read about Indonesian prefixes table and Indonesian infixes? They are an important part of Indonesian grammar structure. Today, we are focusing on suffixes, particularly the suffix “-kan”. Sometimes a suffix has more than one usage in Indonesian, just like the suffix “-kan”, but basically the formula is the same, you just add “-kan” to the root word you want to use.

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The first function of the Indonesian suffix -kan is causative, making or causing something to happen. Usually, it is used as imperatives, instructions, or commands. You’ll encounter these words often in recipes or manuals.

  • examples: campurkan {campur+kan} = to mix or combine
    Pertama, campurkan tepung dan gula bersama (First, combine flour and sugar together)
  • ingatkan {ingat+kan} = to remind
    Ingatkan saya untuk membawa payung sebelum berangkat (Remind me to bring an umbrella before leaving)
  • matikan {mati+kan} = to turn off; to extinguish
    Jangan lupa matikan lampu jika tidak digunakan (Don’t forget to turn off the lights if not used)
  • belikan {beli+kan} = to buy or purchase something
    Tolong belikan saya obat untuk sakit kepala (Please buy me medicine for my headache)
  • bawakan {bawa+kan} = to bring
    Bawakan panggangan dan kipas untuk acara nanti malam (Bring a griller and fan for tonight’s event)
  • ambilkan {ambil+kan} = to take something
    Tolong ambilkan sapu dari halaman depan (Please take the broom from the front yard)

More Examples Indonesian Suffix -Kan

Here are more Indonesian Suffix -Kan examples

Ia membersihkan kamarnya.
Polisi membebaskan Jimmy.
Dia menyelamatkan anaknya.
She cleaned her room.
The police freed Jimmy.
She saved her child.
(i.e. she caused it to be bersih: clean)
(i.e. they caused him to be bebas: free)
(i.e. she caused it to be selamat: safe)

Sometimes, the suffix is also used to describe feelings.

Kabar itu mengherankan.
Film ini membosankan.
Sikapnya mengecewakan.
That news was surprising.
This film is boring.
His attitude is disappointing.
[i.e. it causes one to be heran: surprised]
[i.e. it causes one to be bosan: bored]
[i.e. it causes one to be kecewa: disappointed]

Other times, the suffix is not used as a causative suffix, it actually does not have a particular function, but the root word would be odd if it did not have the suffix “-kan” added to it. It is often used in combination with the prefix “me-“.

Examples of Indonesian Suffix Kan

  • Me + mikir + kan = memikirkan (think about)
    Kami memikirkan hal itu (We think about the matter)
  • Mem + bicara + kan = membicarakan (talk about)
    Mereka membicarakan film itu (They talk about that movie)
  • Men + kerja + kan = mengerjakan (do)
    Teresa mengerjakan PR-nya (Teresa does her homework)
  • Men + kembali + kan = mengembalikan (return)
    Dia mengembalikan payung saya (He returned my umbrella)
  • Mem + bangun + kan = membangunkan (wake)
    Ibu membangunkan anaknya (Mom wakes her child)
  • Meng + henti  + kan = menghentikan (stop)
    Saya menghentikan mobil itu (I stopped the car)

For further reading, check out:

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Kategori : Grammar