100 Most Common Indonesian Verbs – Grammar and Examples

Understand common vocabulary as much as you can is one key to survive in another country. Therefore, having wide lexical resources is a must in learning new language. After exploring Indonesian Nouns and Indonesian Adjectives, let’s learn again about another Indonesian Part of Speech. This time we will learn about other 100 Lists of Indonesian Common Verbs as well as how to pronounce it and its example in a sentence. Therefore, you will broaden your knowledge about Indonesian Verbs.

For introduction, there are two types of Indonesian verbs—verb that is a root word or verb that formed through affixation. In formal situation, Indonesian verbs usually could be identified by its prefixes, most commonly consist the ‘me-(N)’ or ‘ber-’ prefix.

Most Common Indonesian Verbs

However, because people usually do not use standard language in daily life, it might have a little change. To make it clearer, take a look this 101 Indonesian common verbs, its informal form, and how to use it.

1. Indonesian Common verbs for about ‘eat’

Let’s start with the verbs that related to the term ‘eat’.

  •  makan [mɑkɑn]/ memakan [məmɑkɑn] = (to) eat
    – Saya makan nasi (I eat rice)
    – Saya memakan nasi (I eat rice)
    Informal form: maem [mɑ’əm]
  • sarapan [sɑrɑpɑn] = (to) have breakfast
    – Saya sudah sarapan (I have eaten my breakfast)
  • makan pagi [mɑkɑn pɑgi] = (to) have breakfast
    – Saya sudah makan pagi (I have eaten my breakfast)
  • makan siang [mɑkɑn si’yɑŋ] = (to) have lunch
    – Saya makan siang di rumah (I’m having lunch at home)
  • makan malam [mɑkɑn mɑlɑm] = (to) have dinner
    – Saya hendak makan malam (I’m going to have dinner)
  • makan-makan [mɑkɑn-mɑkɑn] (informal) = (to) eat (but usually to celebrate something or a little bit expensive than usual cost)
    – Ibu sedang makan-makan dengan sahabatnya di restoran (Mom is eating with her friends in a restaurant)

2. Indonesian Common Verbs about ‘clean up’

Here are another group of Indonesian Common Verbs.

  • mandi [mɑndi] = (to) take a bath/shower
    – Ayah bisanya mandi pukul 7 pagi (Dad usually takes a bath at 7 o’clock in the morning)
  • menggosok gigi [məŋgosok gi’gi] = (to) brush teeth
    – Adik menggosok giginya dua kali sehari (Little brother brushes his teeth two times a day)
    Informal form: gosok gigi [gosok gigi]
  • menyikat gigi [məñi’kɑt gigi] = (to) brush teeth
    – Adik menyikat giginya dua kali sehari (Little brother brushes his teeth two times a day)
    Informal form: sikat gigi [si’kɑt gigi]
  • keramas [kərɑmɑs] (informal) = (to) shampoo (v)
    – Dia suka keramas setiap pagi (She likes to shampoo every morning)
    Formal form: mencuci rambut [məñcuci rɑmbut]
  • mencuci [məñcuci] = (to) wash
    – Ani mencuci baju tadi pagi (Ani washed her clothes this morning)
    – Kita harus mencuci tangan sebelum makan (We must wash our hands before eating)
    Informal form: cuci [cuci]
  • membersihkan [məmbərsih’kɑn] = (to) clean up
    – Sasa sedang membersihkan kamarnya (Sasa is cleaning up her room)
    -Toni berusaha membersihkan namanya di pengadilan (Toni is trying vindicate himself in the court)
  • merapikan [mərɑpikɑn] = (to) tidy up/ (to) organize
    – Sasa sedang merapikan kamarnya [Sasa is tidying up her room]
    – Pustakawan sedang merapikan buku di rak (The librarian is organizing the book in the bookshelf)
  • membereskan [məmberes’kɑn] = (to) clean up/ (to) finish
    – Sasa sedang membereskan kamarnya (Sasa is cleaning up her room)
    – Toni sedang membereskan masalah (Toni is cleaning up the mess)
    – Susi sedang berusaha membereskan tugasnya (Susi is trying to finish her task)
  • menyapu [məñɑpu] = (to) sweep
    – Lila sedang menyapu lantai (Lila is sweeping the floor)
    – Tina menyapu bersih semua penghargaan (Tina swept out all the awards)
    Informal form: nyapu [ñɑpu]
  • mengepel [məŋəpel] = (to) mop
    – Rino sedang mengepel kamarnya (Rino is mopping his room’s floor)
    Informal form: ngepel [ŋəpel]
  • mengelap [məŋəlɑp] = (to) wipe
    -Ayah menyuruh Arin mengelap kaca jendela (Dad asked Arin to wipe the windows)
    Informal form: ngelap [ŋəlɑp]

3. Indonesian Common Verbs about ‘hobbies’

Here are other group of verbs in 100 Lists of Indonesian Commons Verbs.

  • menyanyi [məñɑñi]/ bernyanyi [bəñɑñi] = (to) sing
    – Lulu senang menyanyi di kamar mandi (Lulu likes singing in the bathroom)
    -Lulu senang bernyanyi di kamar mandi (Lulu likes singing in the bathroom)
    Informal form: nyanyi [ñɑñi]
  • menari [mənɑri] = (to) dance
    – Ia akan menari di acara tersebut (She will dance at that party)
    Informal form: nari (nɑri)
  • berdansa [bərdɑn’sɑ] = (to) dance (but more ballroom/couple style)
    – Ayah berdansa dengan ibu di hari pernikahannya (Dad was dancing with mom in his wedding day)
    Informal form: dansa [dɑn’sɑ]
  • menggambar [məŋgɑmbɑr] = (to) draw (usually just sketch)
    – Sisi menggambar dengan indah (She drew beautifully)
    Informal form: gambar [gɑmbɑr]
  • melukis [mə’lukis] = (to) paint (for artist)
    – Sia melukis pemandangan Paris dengan Indah (Sia painted Paris scenery beautifully)
  • mengecat [məŋəcɑt] = (to) paint (usually non-art field)
    – Tono disuruh ayahnya mengecat pagar (Tono was asked by his father to paint the fench)
    Informal form: ngecat [ŋəcɑt]
  • mewarnai [mə’wɑr’nɑ’i] = (to) colorize
    – Adik mewarnai gambarnya dengan cat air (Little brother is colorizing his drawing with watercolor]
  • membaca [məmbɑcɑ] = (to) read
    – Siti sedang membaca majalah (Siti is reading a magazine)
    – Susi mampu membaca pikiran ibunya (Susi is capable to read his mother’s mind)
    Informal form: baca [bɑcɑ]
  • menulis [mə’nulis] = (to) write
    – Lili menulis puisi untuk sepupunya (Lili wrote a poem for her cousin)
    Informal form: nulis [nulis]
  • mengetik [məŋə’tik] = (to) type
    – Clara mengetik pekerjaanya sore tadi (Clara was typing her works this evening)
    Informal form: ngetik [ŋə’tik]
  • bermain [bərmɑ’in] = (to) play
    – Kiki bermain bola bersama teman-temannya (Kiki is playing football with his friends)
    Informal form: main [mɑ’in]

Another most common Indonesian verbs about hobbies:

  • memancing [məmɑnciŋ] = fishing
  • berbelanja [bərbəlɑnjɑ] = (to) shop
  • berkebun [bərkəbun] = gardening
  • memasak [məmɑsɑk] = (to) cook
  • berolahraga [bər’olɑh rɑgɑ] = (to) do sport
  • berenang [bə’rənɑŋ] = (to) swim
  • belajar [bə’lɑ’jɑr] = (to) study

4. Indonesian Common Indonesian Verbs related to ‘Body Parts and Sense’

Here are another verbs related to human sense and body parts, such as eyes, ears, hands, and so on.

  • melihat [məlihɑt] = (to) see
    -Saya melihat Ani di pasar kemarin (Yesterday, I saw Ani at the market)
  • menonton [mənonton] = (to) watch
    – Aku menonton TV kemarin malam (Last night, I was watching TV)
    – Ayah gemar menonton pertandingan sepak bola (Dad loves to watch football game)
    Informal form: nonton [nonton]
  • mendengar [məndəŋɑr] = (to) hear
    -Sisi mendengar berita tersebut dari kakeknya (Sisi heard the news from his grandpa)
    Informal form: denger [dəŋər]
  • mendengarkan [məndəŋɑr’kɑn] = (to) listen
    -Lisa mendengarkan musik di kamarnya (Lisa is listening music in her bedroom)
    Informal form: dengerin [dəŋə’rin]
  • mencium (bau) [mənci’um] = (to) smell
    -Saya mencium sesuatu dari dapur (I smelled something from the kitchen)
    Informal form: nyium [ñi’um]
  • mencium (bibir) [mənci’um] = (to) kiss (with lips)
    -Ayah mencium pipi ibu sebelum pergi (Father kissed my mom’s cheeks before he left)
    Informal form: nyium [ñi’um]
  • berbicara [bərbicɑrɑ] = (to) talk
    -Helen sedang berbicara dengan Ani (Helen is talking with Ani)
    Informal form: ngomong [ŋomoŋ]/ngobrol [ŋo’brol] (with someone else)
  • membicarakan [məmbicɑrɑ’kɑn] = (to) talk about
    Helen sedang membicarakan isu lingkungan (Helen is talking about environmental issue)
    Informal form: ngomongin [ŋomo’ŋin]
  • meraba [mərɑbɑ] = (to) grope
    – Aku meraba kantungku untuk mencari uang (I groped my pocket to find some money)
    Informal form: ngeraba [ŋərɑbɑ]
  • menyentuh [məñəntuh] = (to) touch (also sense)
    Dilarang menyentuh lukisan di museum! (Do not touch the paintings at the museum)
    – Nyanyiannya menyentuh hati pemirsa (Her singing touched audiences’s heart)
    Informal form: nyentuh [ñəntuh]
  • merasa [mərɑsɑ] = (to) feel
    – Saya merasa bahagia hari ini (Today I feel so happy)
  • merasakan [mərɑsɑ’kɑn] = (to) feel
    Saya merasakan ada sesuatu yang salah darinya (I felt something wrong with him)
    Informal form: ngerasain [ŋərɑsɑ’in]
  • mencicipi [məncicipi] = (to) taste/ (to) experience
    – Lisa diminta untuk mencicipi masakan Susi (Lisa was asked to taste Susi’s cooking)
    – Tujuan program magang ini adalah agar kalian mampu mencicipi dunia kerja (The purpose of this internship program is to make you could experience work life)
  • menendang [mənedɑŋ] = (to) kick
    Lucas menendang bola (Lucas kicked the ball)
    Informal form: nendang  [nedɑŋ]
  • berjalan [bərjɑlɑn] = (to) walk
    Ia berjalan ke arah Utara (He is walking to the North)
    Informal form: jalan [jɑlɑn]
  • berlari [bərlɑri] = (to) run
    Ia berlari ke arah Utara (He is running to the North)
    Informal form: lari [lɑri]

Another most common Indonesian verbs related to ‘Body Parts and Sense’

  • memukul [məmukul] = (to) hit/punch
  • mengambil [mə’ŋɑmbil] = (to) take
  • menaruh [mə’nɑruh] = (to) put
  • mencuri [məncuri] = (to) steal
  • bersalaman [bərsɑlɑ’mɑn] = (to) shake hand
  • berjabat tangan [bərjɑbɑt tɑŋɑn] = (to) shake hand
  • bergerak [bərpindɑh] = (to) move
  • melompat [mə’lompɑt] = (to) jump (two foot)
  • meloncat [mə’loncɑt] = (to) jump (one foot)
  • berdiri [bərdiri] = (to) stand
  • duduk [du’duk] = (to) sit
  • tidur [ti’dur] = (to) sleep
  • menyukai [məñukɑ’i] = (to) like
  • menyenangi [məñenɑŋi] = (to) have interest with (person or thing)
  • mencintai [məncintɑ’i] = (to) love (lover or parents)
  • mengasihi [mə’ŋɑsihi] = (to) love (parents or God related)

After learn about other 100 Lists of Indonesian Common Verbs, check these followings articles: